Ankle Dislocation – Plano, TX
Dr. Desai, one of the leading foot and ankle surgeons in Plano, TX, specializes in treating a wide range of orthopedic conditions. He has extensive experience in treating Ankle Dislocation and helping patients reinstate the mobility of the joint.

Ankle Dislocation

The ankle is a hinge joint that comprises of three bones, tibia, fibula and talus. Various muscles, ligaments and tendons hold these bones together to provide stability as well as allow the foot to move upwards/downwards. Ankle Dislocation occurs when a strong external force causes these supporting structures to tear, leading to a disruption in the normal anatomical arrangement of the joint bones. Depending upon the specific bone that has been displaced, the condition can be classified as:

  • Anterior Dislocation: It occurs when the tibia is pushed backwards due to a sudden force at the front part of the foot when the toes are pointing upwards.
  • Posterior Dislocation: Trauma to the foot when the toes are pointing downwards lead to this type of dislocation. It causes the talus to move backwards from its position.
  • Superior Dislocation: In this, the talus is pushed upwards into the space between fibula and tibia. The condition causes all the three bones to jam against each other.
  • Lateral Dislocation: This involves inward or outward twisting of the ankle. The injury is often accompanied with a fracture.

Causes Of Ankle Dislocation

  • Severe trauma to the ankle
  • Injury while playing sports, particularly those that involve jumping
  • Fall or sudden landing on the foot
  • Motor vehicle accident
  • Forceful twisting of the ankle
  • Loose ligaments
  • Joint hypermobility

Symptoms Of Ankle Dislocation

  • Severe pain at the time of injury
  • Tenderness to touch
  • Swelling and bruising
  • Difficulty moving the ankle
  • Inability to put weight on the affected foot
  • Visible deformity in the joint
  • The dislocated bone may push through the skin
  • Numbness in the foot, ankle and toes

Diagnosis Of Ankle Dislocation

  • Physical examination to check for pain and range of motion of the ankle
  • Palpation of the joint to detect loss of nerve sensation
  • X-ray test to rule out a fracture
  • CT scan or MRI to assess damage to soft tissues, ligaments, tendons, nerves and blood vessels

Treatment For Ankle Dislocation

  • Closed Reduction: In this technique, the foot specialist manually realigns the bone to put it back in place.
  • Medicines: Anti-inflammatory medicines may be prescribed to reduce pain and swelling.
  • Immobilization: The affected foot may be immobilized using a cast, brace or splint. This will provide stability to the joint and allow the dislocated bone to move back to its original position.
  • Surgery: In case of severe dislocation, surgery may be required. It involves using internal fixator devices, such as metal plates or screws, to hold the displaced bone in place so that the joint regains its normal anatomical structure.

For diagnosis and treatment of Ankle Dislocation, visit Dr. Desai. To schedule an appointment with the foot and ankle surgeon in Plano, TX, call at (972) 985 – 1072.