Bunion – Plano, TX
Dr. Desai is a renowned foot and ankle surgeon serving the Plano community. He provides effective treatment for a wide range of orthopedic conditions including Plantar Fasciitis, Bunions, Claw Toe, Achilles Tendinitis etc.

Bunion

Bunion, also referred to as Hallux Abducto Valgus, is a common foot deformity that appears in the form of a bony bump on the side of the big toe. The disorder is termed progressive as it begins with the big toe getting inclined towards the second toe. This leads to a change in alignment of the bones over the time resulting in the development of a prominent bulge or bump. A Bunion generally appears at the base or side of the big toe joint or the first metatarsal bone. If it develops on the fifth metatarsal or the little toe, it is called Bunionette. Bunion can lead to other foot problems such as ingrown toe nails, hammer toes, corns and
calluses and Bursitis.

Causes Of Bunion

  • Inherited foot structure which is prone to development of bunions
  • Medical conditions such as Arthritis
  • Discrepancy in leg length may make the foot of the longer length prone to Bunion growth
  • Wearing tight, ill fitted, high heeled or pointed shoes for a prolonged period may alter the alignment of foot bones resulting in Bunion growth
  • Flat feet or other congenital deformities
  • Injury to the big toe

Symptoms Of Bunion

  • Visible bulge near the big toe
  • Swelling, pain and redness near the big toe
  • Pain and difficulty in moving the big toe
  • Development of corns/calluses/thick skin under or near the big toe joint
  • Numbness
  • Difficulty in fitting into regular shoes or walking

Diagnosis Of Bunion

The surgeon may examine the patient’s foot for redness and swelling, location and severity of the bunion. An X-ray may be recommended to further assess the severity and identify the underlying causes for bunion development.

Treatment For Bunion

Bunion can be treated through non-surgical methods which may include the following:

  • Wearing shoes that are not tight or pointed and do not stress the toes
  • Ice therapy to combat pain and inflammation
  • Pain killers or cortisone injections may be prescribed by the doctor to relieve pain
  • Padding, taping or use of shoe inserts to alleviate pressure on the Bunion and allow even distribution of pressure on the feet. Some patients may need specific orthotic devices for support.

In case the Bunion is severe and causes a lot of pain, surgical intervention may be recommended. The patient can be treated by surgical removal of the swollen tissues, realignment of the bone beneath the big toe, removing a part of the affected bone or by joining the bones of the affected joints. It takes a few weeks post-surgery for the patient to recover completely and some precautions need to be taken thereafter.

For complete treatment of Bunions, visit Dr. Desai at OrthoTexas. To schedule an appointment with the foot and ankle surgeon in Plano, call at (972) 985 – 1072.